DATE OF CREATION OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Department of War Transport was formed in July 1942, by the bifurcation of the then Department of Communications into two Departments Viz.
- Department of Posts
- Department of War Transport.
II. FUNCTIONS ALLOCATED TO IT AT THE TIME OF ITS CREATION WITH ITS ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY.
The functions allocated to the Department of War Transport including Major Ports, Railways Priorities, utilization of road and water transport, Petrol rationing, and Producer Gas. Broadly speaking, the functions of the War Transport Department were to coordinate the demands for transport in wartime, Coastal Shipping, and the administration and development of major ports. Later, the planning of export was undertaken as a corollary to the Departments' control of transport priorities.
III. SUBSEQUENT CHANGES MADE IN THE ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE FROM TIME TO TIME, WITH DATES:
- During the year 1957, the Department of War Transport was renamed as Ministry of Transport & Communications, and the Department of Transport was placed under it.
- In the President’s order of January 25, 1966, the Ministry of Transport was renamed in the Department of Transport, Shipping & Tourism in the Ministry of Transport and Aviation.
- The former Ministry of Transport and Aviation was bifurcated into the Ministry of Shipping and Transport, and the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation with effect from 13.03.1967.
- On re-organization of Ministries/Departments, the erstwhile Ministry of Transport and, Shipping became the Department of Surface Transport under the Ministry of Transport with effect from 25.09.1985.
- On further re-organization of Ministries/Department, the Department of Surface Transport under the Ministry of Transport was renamed as Ministry of Surface Transport with effect from 22.10.1986.
- The Ministry of Surface Transport was subsequently re-organized into departments, namely the Department of Shipping and the Department of Road Transport and Highways wise notification dated 15.10.1999.
- Further wise notification dated 17.11.2000 the Ministry of Surface Transport has been bifurcated into two Ministries namely the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and the Ministry of Shipping.
- Ministry of Shipping and Ministry of Road Transport has been again merged and renamed as Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways wise notification dated 2.9.2004. There are two Department viz. Department of Shipping and Department of Road Transport & Highways.
- In 2009, "The Ministry of Shipping" was again formed by bifurcating the Ministry Of Shipping, Road Transport, and Highways
- Further wise notification dated 10.11.2020 the "Ministry of Shipping" has been renamed as "Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways".
IV. ALLOCATION AND RE-ALLOCATION OF FUNCTIONS WITH REASONS FOR SUCH CHANGES.
- In view of the imperative need for close coordination of efforts between the authorities concerned with Railway Development and those concerned with the development of road communications and transport, the heading of post-war road planning including ‘Central Road Fund’ and the administration of ‘Motor Vehicles Act’ were transferred from the Department of Posts and Air to the Department of War Transport on 15th July 1944.
- Consequent to passing Section 27-A of the Indian Railways Act, the work pertaining to Railways Priorities was transferred to the Ministry of Railways with effect from. 1st April 1951.
- The heading Maritime Shipping & Navigation and Lighthouses and Lightships were transferred from the Ministry of Commerce to the Ministry of Transport with effect from 1st February 1951.
- From the year 1952 to 1957 the Ministry of Transport was responsible for general transport, coordination, and the administration and development of major ports, maritime shipping, and lighthouses, inland water transport.